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Sleepiness and Human Impact Assessment
Garbarino, Nobili, Costa
Editore
Springer
Anno
2014
Pagine
329
ISBN
9788847053878
145,00 €
I prezzi indicati possono subire variazioni poiché soggetti all'oscillazione dei cambi delle valute e/o agli aggiornamenti effettuati dagli Editori.
  • About this book

  • Explores many different facets of sleepiness from the new Human Impact Assessment (HuIA) point of view
  • Describes concepts and methods in detail and discusses the latest empirical findings
  • Will assist both researchers and decision-makers in investigating and addressing sleep-related risks

Human Impact Assessment (HuIA) is a relatively new concept describing an integrated process that encompasses both Health Impact Assessment and Social Impact Assessment and is used to anticipate the effects of programs, projects and decisions on human health and welfare.

Sleep occupies approximately one-third of our lives, but its human impact remains largely unrecognized. The prevalence of excessive sleepiness is recognized to be increasing in industrialized societies. Sleepiness and fatigue have high costs in terms of both lives lost and socioeconomic impact. Sleepiness and Human Impact Assessment provides a comprehensive exploration of many different facets of

sleepiness in our 24-hour society from the new HuIA point of view. Among the covered issues are the physiology and pathophysiology of sleep, its relationship to daytime alertness, fatigue and drugs, the relevance of sleep-related fatigue in various occupational settings and public safety. This book will be of assistance to physicians, occupational health professionals, ergonomists, researchers and decision-makers as they strive to understand the full significance of sleepiness and to create a culture of accountability in everyday life without sleep-related risks.

Contents

1 Health Impact Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Emanuele Scafato
Part I Regulation of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms
2 Circadian and Light Effects on Human Sleepiness–Alertness . . . . 9
Christian Cajochen, Sarah L. Chellappa and Christina Schmidt
3 Neurophysiology of Sleep and Wakefulness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Sarah L. Chellappa, Christina Schmidt and Christian Cajochen
4 Circadian and Homeostatic Regulation of Sleepiness,
Cognition, and Their Neuronal Underpinnings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Christina Schmidt, Christian Cajochen and Sarah L. Chellappa
Part II Sleep, Arousal and Performance
5 Using Mathematical Models to Predict Sleepiness . . . . . . . . . . . . 63
Torbjörn Åkerstedt
Part III Sleepiness and HuIA
6 Health-Related Quality of Life and Sleep Disorders Among
Special Populations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Carol M. Baldwin, Luxana Reynaga-Ornelas, Maureen S. Russell,
Salma Batool-Anwar and Stuart F. Quan
7 Errors and Accidents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Pierre Philip, Cyril Chaufton, Lino Nobili and Sergio Garbarino

Part IV Sleepiness and 24-h Society: Social Life
8 Lifestyle and Habits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
Sergio Garbarino and Lino Nobili
9 Stress and Sleepiness in the 24-h Society . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
Giovanni Costa
10 Effects of CNS-Drugs and Alcohol on Driving Ability . . . . . . . . . 113
Joris C. Verster
11 Endocrine Brain: Gender Differences . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Rosalia C. Silvestri
Part V Sleepiness and 24-h Society: Workplace
12 Shift and Night Work. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
Giovanni Costa and Sergio Garbarino
13 Industrial Activities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
Nicola Magnavita
14 Transport and Communications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 147
Sergio Garbarino and Giovanni Costa
15 Police and Military. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 159
Sergio Garbarino
16 Health Care Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 169
Giovanni Costa
Part VI Sleepiness and Pathology: Sleep Disorders
17 Insomnia: Pathophysiology, Clinical Phenotypes,
and Treatment Options. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 181
Mario Giovanni Terzano, Liborio Parrino, Andrea Grassi
and Giulia Milioli
18 Parasomnias. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Giuseppe Plazzi and Lino Nobili

19 Brain and Breathing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 207
Maria R. Bonsignore and Oreste Marrone
20 Sleep Apnea and Sleepiness . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 215
Oreste Marrone and Fabio Cirignotta
21 Restless Legs Syndrome/Willis-Ekbom Disease . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 223
Mauro Manconi and Michelangelo Maestri
22 Jet Lag Syndrome and Circadian Disorders
of the Sleep–Wake Cycle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Michelangelo Maestri, Luca Carnicelli, Alfonso Cristaudo
and Enrica Bonanni
Part VII Sleepiness and Pathology: Other Disorders
23 Neurologic Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Karel Šonka and Marek Susta
24 Cardiovascular Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 249
Parati Gianfranco and Carolina Lombardi
25 Psychiatric Disorders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 259
Luigi Ferini-Strambi and Sara Marelli
26 Pain, Cancer, Fibromyalgia and Gastrointestinal Disorders . . . . . 279
Raffaele Manni, Riccardo Cremascoli and Michele Terzaghi
Part VIII Sleep Hygiene, Driving Licence and Economic Impact
27 Sleep Hygiene. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
Stefano de Biase, Giulia Milioli, Andrea Grassi, Simone Lorenzut,
Liborio Parrino and Gian Luigi Gigli
28 Driving License . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 297
Antonio Sanna and Sergio Garbarino

29 Economic Impact: Social Welfare . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 305
Maria Assunta Veneziano and Walter Ricciardi
30 Sleepiness Assessment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 313
Fabio Pizza
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 325

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