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Hemodynamic Monitoring Using Echocardiography in the Critically Ill
Backer, Cholley, Slama, Vieillard-Baron, Vignon
Editore
Springer
Anno
2011
Pagine
311
ISBN
9783540879541
130,00 €
I prezzi indicati possono subire variazioni poiché soggetti all'oscillazione dei cambi delle valute e/o agli aggiornamenti effettuati dagli Editori.
  • First book covering non-invasive hemodynamic monitoring of critical care patients using echocardiography Providing essential informations to allow optimal hemodynamic management guided by echocardiography

The hemodynamic evaluation of patients with acute circulatory failure and respiratory failure has in the past usually been performed using invasive procedures but in recent years less invasive monitoring devices have been introduced. Hemodynamic evaluation by echocardiography is based on the integration of simple indices that can be easily acquired within a few minutes at the bedside. Echocardiography can be used for both the diagnosis and the management of circulatory and respiratory failure. This book provides all the essential information required by readers in order to perform optimal hemodynamic management of the critically ill based on echocardiographic guidance. After an introductory section on basic principles, hemodynamic assessment using echocardiography is discussed in detail. The diagnosis and management of all types of circulatory and acute respiratory failure by means of echocardiography are then rigorously considered, and specific situations such as thoracic trauma and acute aortic syndrome are examined. The final section is devoted to future issues and applications.

 

 

vii
Contents
1 Echocardiography in the Critically Ill: An Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Philippe Vignon and Paul Mayo
Part I Principles of Ultrasounds and Principal Views
2 Transthoracic Echocardiography: Normal Two-Dimensional
and Doppler Imaging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Susanna Price
3 Transesophageal Echocardiography: Principal Views . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Jan Poelaert
Part II Hemodynamic Assessment
4 Heart–Lung Interactions in Mechanical Ventilation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Antoine Vieillard-Baron
5 Measurement of Stroke Volume and Cardiac Output Using
Echocardiography and Doppler . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Bernard P. Cholley
6 Assessment of Fluid Requirements: Fluid Responsiveness . . . . . . . . . . 61
Michel Slama and Julien Maizel
7 Assessment of Fluid Requirements: The Fluid Challenge . . . . . . . . . . 71
Daniel De Backer
8 Evaluation of Left Ventricular Systolic Function . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
Daniel De Backer
9 Hemodynamic Evaluation in the Patient with Arrhythmias . . . . . . . . 89
Julien Maizel and Michel Slama
Part III Diagnosis and Management of Circulatory Failure
10 Diagnosing the mechanisms of circulatory failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
Philippe Vignon and Michel Slama
viii Contents
11 Septic Shock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109
Daniel De Backer and Antoine Vieillard-Baron
12 Cardiogenic Shock Associated with Acute Left-Heart Failure . . . . . . . 117
Jina Sohn and Steven M. Hollenberg
13 Echocardiographic Evaluation and Monitoring of Right
Ventricular Function and Pulmonary Artery Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . 133
Adolfo Kaplan, Antony Mc Lean, and Antoine Vieillard-Baron
14 Pericardial Effusion and Cardiac Tamponade . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Paul H. Mayo
15 Echocardiography and Extracorporeal Life Support
in Intensive Care Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Joaquim Calderon and Gérard Janvier
Part IV Diagnosis and Management of Acute Respiratory Failure
16 Pulmonary Edema: Which Role for Echocardiography
in the Diagnostic Workup? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
Philippe Vignon, Frances Colreavy, and Michel Slama
17 Why and How to Use Echocardiography in Acute
Respiratory Distress Syndrome . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
Antoine Vieillard-Baron and François Jardin
Part V Specific Situations
18 Thoracic Trauma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Fabio Chirillo
19 Hemodynamic Instability in Cardiac Surgical Patients . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Bernard P. Cholley, Mireille Cherqui, Alain Berrebi,
and Jan Poelaert
20 Acute Aortic Syndrome: Acute Aortic Diseases
in Hemodynamically Unstable Patients . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 247
Isidre Vilacosta, Victoria Cañadas, J. Alberto San Román,
and Philippe Vignon
Part VI Outlook
21 Learning and Competence in Critical Care Echocardiography . . . . . . 275
Philippe Vignon, Bernard P. Cholley, Daniel De Backer,
Michel Slama, and Antoine Vieillard-Baron
Contents ix
22 Echocardiography Alone or Coupled with Other
Hemodynamic Devices? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 283
Gorazd Voga, Daniel De Backer, and Antoine Vieillard-Baron
23 Future Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 289
James N. Kirkpatrick and Roberto M. Lang
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
 

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