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Atlas of Pediatric Ultrasound
Tanveer Khalid Zubairi & Nadir Khan
Editore
Jaypee
Anno
2012
Pagine
401
ISBN
9789350257708
65,00 €
I prezzi indicati possono subire variazioni poiché soggetti all'oscillazione dei cambi delle valute e/o agli aggiornamenti effettuati dagli Editori.
This atlas is a comprehensive guide to paediatric ultrasound. Each section discusses a different part of the body, with seven chapters dedicated to the abdomen. Each chapter begins with an explanation of technique, correct transducer use and offers guidance for achieving optimal imaging. More than 700 high quality ultrasound images are included, with detailed discussion on Doppler, and clearly marked to show the position and angle of the probe. Corresponding X-rays, CT scans and MRI images are also included to clarify and confirm the ultrasound pathologies.

Author information
Tanveer Khalid Zubairi MD; Medical Director, Tanveer Ultrasound Clinic, X-Ray and Mammography, Karachi, Pakistan

Nadir Khan MBBS MD FCPS; Consultant Radiologist, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan

1. Central Nervous System: Brain ......... 1
 GUIDELINES FOR PERFORMANCE OF ULTRASOUND
EXAMINATION IN INFANTILE BRAIN 3
 TECHNIQUE OF BRAIN ULTRASOUND 3
– Coronal Images 3
– Sagittal View 6
 DOPPLER AND COLOR DOPPLER IMAGING 9
 CONGENITAL INTRACRANIAL ANOMALIES 9
– Encephalocele 9
– Arnold-Chiari Malformation 9
– Dandy-Walker Malformation 13
– Dysgenesis of Corpus Callosum 14
– Holoprosencephaly 15
– Hemimegalencephaly 15
– Hydranencephaly 15
 BRAIN CYSTS 24
– Arachnoid Cysts 24
– Choroid Plexus Cysts 26
 ANEURYSM VEIN OF GALEN 26
 HYDROCEPHALUS 31
 INTRACRANIAL INFECTIONS 36
– Neonatal Meningitis 37
– Brain Abscess 37
– Congenital Infections 37
 INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES 43
– Subependymal and Intraventricular
Hemorrhages 43
– Intracranial Hemorrhage in Full Term
Babies 52
– Subdural Hemorrhage 52
– Subarachnoid Hemorrhage 53
– Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage 53
 HYPOXIC-ISCHEMIC ENCEPHALOPATH 53
– Ischemic Lesion in Premature Infants 54
– Hypoxic-ischemic Encephalopathy in
Term Babies 54
2. Central Nervous System: Spine ....... 71
 ULTRASONOGRAPHY OF NEONATAL SPINE 73
 NORMAL ANATOMY OF SPINE 73
 SPINA BIFIDA 73
– Spina Bifida Occulta 74
– Spina Bifida Cystica 74
– Spina Bifida Aperta 79
 PSOAS ABSCESS 79
 NEUROGENIC TUMOR 82
3. Neonatal Hip .................................. 85
 ULTRASOUND INDICATIONS OF NEONATAL HIP 87
 ANATOMY OF HIP JOINT 87
 TIME OF EXAMINATION 87
 EXAMINATION VIEWS 87
– True Coronal View 87
– Transverse Neutral View 89
– Transverse Flexion View 89
 HIP JOINT MEASUREMENTS 90
– Graf’s Technique for the Measurement of
Neonatal Hip 90
– Lateral Head Distance (LHD) Terjesen Method 90
 ULTRASOUND APPEARANCE IN DISLOCATION 97
4. Chest .............................................. 99
 ULTRASOUND OF THE CHEST 101
– Indications of Ultrasound Chest 101
– Ultrasound Technique 101
 DIAPHRAGMATIC HERNIA 101
 EVENTRATION OF DIAPHRAGM 101
 MEDIASTINAL WIDENING 105
 LUNG CONSOLIDATION 110
 PLEURAL EFFUSION 110
5. Abdomen: Bowel and Mesentery . 113
BOWEL
 ULTRASOUND OF THE BOWEL 115
– Technique 115
– Sonographic Layers of the Bowel 115
 HYPERTROPHIC PYLORIC STENOSIS (HPS) 115
– Ultrasound of Patient with HPS 115
 DUPLICATION CYST 117
– Duplication Cyst of Stomach 117
– Duplication Cyst of Duodenum 117
 DUODENAL ATRESIA 117
 BEZOAR 122
 INTUSSUSCEPTION 122
 LYMPHOMA 127
 APPENDICITIS 129
– Ultrasound Findings 136
 INTESTINAL OBSTRUCTION 137
– Small Bowel 137
– Large Bowel 138
 ULTRASOUND TECHNIQUE FOR IMPERFORATE
ANUS 139
 HIRSCHSPRUNG’S DISEASE 139
 WORMS IN BOWELS 139
 TUBERCULOSIS 139
MESENTERY
 MESENTERIC CYSTS 148
 MECONIUM PERITONITIS AND MECONIUM
PSEUDOCYST 148
 ASCITES 151
6. Abdomen: Infiltrative
Disorders of Liver ......................... 155
 NORMAL ANATOMY AND APPEARANCE 157
 GENERALIZED INFILTRATION OF LIVER 157
– Acute Viral Hepatitis 157
– Chronic Persistent Hepatitis 159
– Granulomatous Hepatitis 159
 CIRRHOSIS 161
 BUDD-CHIARI SYNDROME 161
 CONGESTIVE LIVER 166
 FATTY INFILTRATION LIVER 166
 LYSOSOMAL AND GLYCOGEN STORAGE DISEASES 169
– Gaucher’s Disease 169
 OTHER INFILTRATIVE DISEASES 169
7. Abdomen: Focal Lesions in
Liver ............................................. 173
 SIMPLE LIVER CYST 175
 ECHINOCOCCAL CYST 175
 LIVER ABSCESSES 179
– Amebic Liver Abscess 179
– Pyogenic Liver Abscesses 182
– Tuberculous Abscess 182
 HEPATIC TRAUMA 185
 BENIGN LIVER MASSES 185
– Hemangioma 185
– Hemangioendothelioma 185
– Focal Nodular Hyperplasia 187
 MALIGNANT TUMORS 187
– Hepatoblastoma and Hepatocellular
Carcinoma 187
– Metastasis 189
– Lymphoma Liver 195
8. Abdomen: Gallbladder and
Common Bile Duct..................... 197
GALLBLADDER
 ANATOMY 199
 TECHNIQUE 199
 BILIARY SLUDGE 200
 CHOLELITHIASIS 201
 ACUTE CALCULUS CHOLECYSTITIS 201
 ACUTE ACALCULUS CHOLECYSTITIS 201
 CHOLESTEROLOSIS OF GALLBLADDER 205
 GALLBLADDER TUMORS 209
COMMON BILE DUCT
 CHOLESTASIS IN NEWBORN 211
– Neonatal Hepatitis 212
– Biliary Atresia 213
 CHOLEDOCHAL CYST 213
 BILIARY ASCARIS 218
9. Abdomen: Pancreas and Spleen ... 221
PANCREAS
 NORMAL PANCREAS AND ANATOMY 223
 ACUTE PANCREATITIS 223
 CHRONIC PANCREATITIS 228
 PANCREATIC TRAUMA 230
SPLEEN
 NORMAL SPLEEN AND ANATOMY 231
 POLYSPLENIA 234
 WANDERING SPLEEN 234
 SPLENIC CYST 235
 SPLENIC ABSCESS 235
 SPLENIC TRAUMA 239
 STORAGE DISEASES 239
 MALIGNANT MASSES 241
10. Abdomen: Urinary Tract ............... 243
RENAL ANATOMY AND APPEARANCE
RENAL ANOMALIES
 RENAL HYPOPLASIA 246
 SIMPLE ECTOPIA 246
 CROSSED RENAL ECTOPIA 246
 HORSESHOE KIDNEYS 246
 DUPLICATION ANOMALIES 250
 PUJ OBSTRUCTION 251
 URETEROVESICAL JUNCTION OBSTRUCTION 251
 CONGENITAL HYDRONEPHROSIS 254
 VESICOURETERIC REFLUX 256
 POSTERIOR URETHRAL VALVE 259
RENAL CYSTIC DISEASE
 SIMPLE CYST 264
 POLYCYSTIC DISEASE 264
 AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT POLYCYSTIC DISEASE 267
 MEDULLARY SPONGE KIDNEY 267
 MULTICYSTIC DYSPLASTIC KIDNEY 268
RENAL INFECTIONS
 ACUTE PYELONEPHRITIS 270
 RENAL ABSCESS 272
 PYONEPHROSIS 272
 CHRONIC PYELONEPHRITIS 275
 TUBERCULOSIS KIDNEYS 276
RENAL PARENCHYMAL DISEASE
 ACUTE GLOMERULONEPHRITIS 278
NEPHROLITHIASIS
 NORMAL VARIANTS IN NEONATAL KIDNEYS 280
 NEPHROCALCINOSIS 280
 UROLITHIASIS 280
RENAL TUMORS
 RENAL LYMPHOMA 292
 BENIGN MASSES KIDNEYS AND ANGIOMYOLIPOMA 294
URINARY BLADDER
 URACHUS 295
 BLADDER DIVERTICULA 296
 BLADDER INFECTION 296
 NEUROGENIC BLADDER 298
 ADENOMYOMATOSIS OF BLADDER 298
 BLADDER NEOPLASM 299
 BLADDER CLOT 299
11. Abdomen: Retroperitoneum ........ 301
ADRENAL GLANDS
 NORMAL ANATOMY AND APPEARANCE 303
xii Atlas of Pediatric Ultrasound
 ADRENAL HEMORRHAGE 303
 ADRENAL CYST 304
 ADRENAL ABSCESS 304
RETROPERITONEAL MASS
 NEUROBLASTOMA 307
 RETROPERITONEAL CYST 312
RETROPERITONEAL LYMPH NODES
12. Female Pelvis ............................... 317
THE OVARY
 TECHNIQUE AND ANATOMY 319
NEONATAL PATHOLOGY
 HERNIATED OVARY IN INGUINAL CANAL 319
 NEONATAL OVARIAN CYST 320
POST-MENARCHE PATHOLOGY
 FUNCTIONAL CYSTS 320
 CYSTADENOMAS 321
 HEMORRHAGIC CYSTS 321
 ENDOMETRIOSIS 322
NEOPLASMS
 GERM CELL TUMORS 325
 DERMOID CYSTS 325
 DYSGERMINOMA 330
TORSION
 TORSION OF OVARY 331
 TORSION OF OVARIAN CYST 334
 POLYCYSTIC OVARIES 335
THE UTERUS
 NEONATAL UTERUS 335
 POST-MENARCHE UTERUS 337
 CONGENITAL VAGINAL OBSTRUCTION 337
POST-MENARCHE
 IMPERFORATED HYMEN 338
 CONGENITAL ANOMALIES 338
 SEPTATE UTERUS 343
MISCELLANEOUS
 FIBROID UTERUS 345
 LYMPHOMA 345
13. Scrotum and Testis ....................... 349
 ANATOMY 351
 TECHNIQUE 351
 HYDROCELE 352
 SCROTAL CYSTS 355
 EPIDIDYMO-ORCHITIS 355
– Chronic Epididymitis 356
 TORSION TESTIS 356
 VARICOCELE 361
 CRYPTORCHIDISM 362
 TESTICULAR MICROLITHIASIS 362
 TESTICULAR TRAUMA 365
 TESTICULAR TUMORS 365
 ADRENAL REST 370
 EXTRATESTICULAR MASSES 370
14. Neck............................................. 377
THYROID GLAND
 ANATOMY 379
 TECHNIQUE 379
 DIFFUSE THYROID DISEASE 379
 FOCAL THYROID NODULES 382
LYMPH NODES
 ANATOMY 384
 NEOPLASTIC NECK LYMPHADENOPATHY 389
OTHER NECK MASSES
 CYSTIC HYGROMA 389
 THYROGLOSSAL DUCT CYST 392
 HEMANGIOMA 392
 MALIGNANT TUMORS 394
Contents xiii
Index ................................................................................................................................... 397

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