High—quality anatomical illustrations of skeletal muscles that include nerve, plexus, and root supply
Photographs of each muscle in healthy subjects to identify optimum site of EMG needle insertion
Clinical features of the major conditions affecting peripheral nerves
Electrodiagnostic strategies for confirming suspected lesions of the peripheral nervous system
Beautifully and lavishly illustrated, Atlas of Nerve Conduction Studies and Electromyography demystifies the major conditions affecting peripheral nerves and provides electrodiagnostic strategies for confirming suspected lesions of the peripheral nervous system.
Building on the success of the landmark Atlas of Electromyography, this new text is divided into sections based on the major peripheral nerves. It contains detailed illustrations of each nerve along with a discussion of its anatomy, followed by a thorough outline of the clinical conditions and entrapment syndromes that affect the nerve, including a list of the etiologies, clinical features, and electrodiagnostic strategies used for each syndrome. Routine and special motor and sensory nerve conduction studies are shown in an anatomical illustration. In addition, each muscle supplied by the peripheral nerve is illustrated showing the root, plexus, and peripheral nerve supply to the muscle and is accompanied by a corresponding human photograph. Written text provides information about the nerve conduction studies, muscle origin, tendon insertion, voluntary activation maneuver, and the site of optimum needle insertion, which is identified in the figures by a black dot or a needle electrode.
Atlas of Nerve Conduction Studies and Electromyography is the perfect anatomical guide for neurologists, specialists in physical medicine and rehabilitation, and electrodiagnostic medicine consultants, while also providing support for individuals in residency training programs, critical care medicine, neurological surgery, and family practice.
1. Overview of Nerve Conduction Studies How the Peripheral Nervous System Conveys Information Stimulating and Recording Electrodes Electrode Amplifiers and Ground Electrode Reducing Artifacts and Interference Electrical Safety Temperature Effect Effect of Aging Motor Nerve Conduction Sensory Nerve Conduction Role of Dorsal Root Ganglia (DRG) in Localizing Lesions Late Responses: F-wave and H-reflex Types of Nerve Injury Neurapraxia Axonal loss injury Ion Channel Disorders 2. Overview of Electromyography (EMG) The Motor Unit Needle Electrodes Muscle Selection for Needle EMG The Needle EMG Examination Assessment of Insetional Activity Assessment of Spontaneous Activity Assessment of Motor Unit Potentials (MUPs) Assessment of Firing Pattern and Recruitment Complications Related to Needle Electromyography 3. Brachial Plexus Upper Trunk Lesion Middle Trunk Lesion Lower Trunk Lesion Plexus Cord Lesions 4. Median Nerve Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Anterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome Pronator Teres Syndrome Ligament of Struther's Syndrome Median Nerve Conduction Studies Median Motor Nerce Conduction Stud Short Segment Stimulation across the Palm ("inching technique") Median F-wave Martin-Gruber Anastomosis Median Sensory Nerve Conduction Study Median and Ulnar Digit 4 (ring finger) Comparative Study Median and Superficial Radial Digit 1 (thumb) Comparative Study Combined Sensory Index (CSI) Standards for Severity of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Digital Branch Injury Needle Electromyography Abductor Pollicis Brevis Opponens Pollicis Flexor Pollicis Brevis First and Second Lumbricals Pronator Quadratus Flexor Pollicis Longus Flexor Digitorum Profundus, Digits 2 and 3 Flexor Digitorum Superficialis (sublimis) Palmaris Longus Flexor Carpi Radialis Pronator Teres 5. Ulnar Nerve Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow (Retrocondylar Groove) Ulnar Neuropathy at the Elbow (Cubital Tunnel Syndrome) Ulnar Neuropathy at the Wrist (Guyon's Canal) Ulnar Nerve Conduction Studies Ulnar Motor Nerve Conduction Stufy from Abductor Digiti Minimi (ADM) Ulnar Motor Nerve Conduction Study from First Dorsal Interosseous (FDI) Short Segment Stimulation across the Elbow ("inching technique") Ulnar F-waves Martin-Gruber Anastomosis Riches-Cannieu Anastomosis (RCA) Ulnar Sensory Nerve Conduction Study Dorsal Ulnar Cutaneous (DUC) Nerve Conduction Study Anomalous Superficial Radial Innervation to Ulnar Dorsum of Hand Needle Electromyography Adductor Pollicis Flexor Pollicis Brevis, Deep Head First Dorsal Interosseous Second, Third, and Fourth Dorsal Interossei Palmar Interossei Third and Fourth Lumbricals Abductor Digiti Minimi Opponens Digiti Minimi Flexor Digiti Minimi Flexor Digitorum Profundus, Digits 4 and 5 Flexor Carpi Ulnaris 6. Radial Nerve Radial Nerve Lesion in the Arm Radial Nerve Lesion in the Axilla Posterior Interosseous Nerve Syndrome Superficial Radial Nerve Lesion Radial Nerve Conduction Studies Radial Motor Nerve Conduction Study Superficial Radial Sensory Nerve Conduction Stufy Needle Electromyography Extensor Indicis Extensor Pollicis Brevis Extensor Pollicis Longus Abductor Pollicis Longus Extensor Digitorum Communis and Extensor Digiti Minimi Extensor Carpi Ulnaris Supinator Extensor Carpi Radialis, Longus and Brevis Brachioradialis Anconeus Triceps, Lateral Head Triceps, Long Head Triceps, Medial Head 7. Axillary Nerve Axillary Nerve Lesion Axillary Motor Nerve Conduction Study Needle Electromyography Deltoid, Anterior Fibers Deltoid, Middle Fibers Deltoid, Posterior Fibers Teres Minor 8. Musculocutaneous Nerve Musculocutaneous Nerve Lesion Nerve conduction Studies Musculocutaneous Nerve Lesion Lateral Cutaneous Nerve of the Forearm (Lateral Antebrachial Cutaneous) Conduction Study Needle Electromyography Brachialis Biceps Brachii Coracobrachialis 9. Medial Cutaneous Nerve of the Forearm (Medial Antebrachial Cutaneous Nerve) Lesion of the Medial Cutaneous Nerve of the Forearm Conduction Study 10. Suprascapular Nerve Suprascapular Nerve Lesion Needle Electromyography Infraspinatus Supraspinatus 11. Dorsal Scapular Nerve Dorsal Scapular Nerve Lesion Rhomboideus Major and Minor Levator Scapulae 12. Long Thoracic Nerve Long Thoracic Nerve Lesion Needle Electromyography Serratus Anterior 13. Subscapular Nerves and the Thoracodorsal Nerve Needle Electromyography Teres Major Latissimus Dorsi 14. Medial and Lateral Pectoral Nerves Needle Electromyography Pectoralis Major Pectoralis Minor 15. Cervical Plexus 16. Phrenic Nerve Phrenic Nerve Lesion Phrenic Nerve Conduction Studies Needle Electromyography Diaphragm 17. Sacral Plexus Sacral Plexus Lesion 18. Sciatic Nerve Sciatic Nerve Lesion Needle Electromyography Semitendinosus Semimembranosus Biceps Femoris (Long Head) Biceps Femoris (Short Head) 19. Tibial Nerve Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome Tibial Nerve Conduction Studies Tibial Motor Nerve Conduction Studies Tibial F-wave Sural Sensory Nerve Conduction Studies H-Reflex Medial and Lateral Plantar Nerve Conduction Studies Needle Electromyography Gastrocnemius, Medial Head Gastrocnemius, Lateral Head Soleus Tibialis Posterior Flexor Digitorum Longus Flexor Hallucis Longus Popliteus Abductor Hallucis Flexor Digitorum Brevis Flexor Hallucis Brevis Abductor Digiti Minimi (Quinti) Adductor Hallucis 20. Common Peroneal Nerve Common Peroneal Mononeuropathy at the Knee Common Peroneal Nerve Conduction Studies Common Peroneal Motor Nerve Conduction Study from Extensor Digitorum Brevis Peroneal F-waves Accessory Deep Peroneal Nerve Common Peroneal Motor Nerve Conduction Study from Tibialis Anterior Short Segment Stimulation across the Fibular Head ("Inching Technique") Superficial Peroneal Sensory Nerve Conduction Study Needle Electromyography Tibialis Anterior Extensor Digitorum Longus Extensor Hallucis Longus Peroneus Tertius Extensor Digitorum Brevis Peroneus Longus Peroneus Brevis 21. Superior Gluteal Nerve Needle Electromyography Gluteus Medius Gluteus Minimus Tensor Fasciae Latae 22. Inferior Gluteal Nerve Needle Electromyography Gluteus Maximus 23. Pudendal Nerve Pudendal Nerve Lesion Needle Electromyography Sphincter Ani Externus (External Anal Sphincter) Levator Ani 24. Lumbar Plexus Lesion of the Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve (Meralgia Paresthetica) Lateral Femoral Cutaneous Nerve Conduction Study Needle Electromyography External Oblique, Internal Oblique and Transversus Abdominis 25. Femoral Nerve Femoral Nerve Lesion Femoral Nerve Conduction Studies Femoral Motor Nerve Conduction Study Saphenous Sensory Nerve Conduction Study Needle Electromyography Iliacus (Iliopsoas) Pectineus Sartorius Rectus Femoris Vastus Lateralis Vastus Intermedius Vastus Medialis 26. Obturator Nerve Obturator Nerve Lesion Needle Electromyography Adductor Longus Adductor Brevis Adductor Magnus Gracilis 27. Paraspinal Muscles Needle Electromyography Cervical Paraspinal Thoracic Paraspinal Lumbosacral Paraspinal 28. Cranial Nerves and Muscles Spinal Accessory Nerve Conduction Study Facial Motor Nerve Conduction Studies Blink Reflex Studies Needle Electromyography Sternocleidomastoid Trapezius Frontalis Orbicularis Oculi Orbicularis Oris Masseter Tongue 29. Dermatomes and Peripheral Nerve Cutaneous Distributions